They begin to move with their herd and face dangers such as crossing rivers and other waterways. Shortly after calves are born, caribou herds begin their migration to their wintering grounds. Throughout their lives, they will continue to make the annual migrations between their summer calving grounds and wintering grounds.
Young caribou live with their mothers for six to twelve months Burch at which point they separate and begin life on their own. Caribou reach sexual maturity at about 28 months old. Bulls go into rut the mating season of ruminants such as caribou, deer, sheep and goats in the fall and caribou breed during this time.
Cows will have calves almost every year thereafter Burch The annual cycle of caribou being born in their spring and summer calving grounds, fall migration to their wintering grounds during the breeding season, and return to the calving grounds occurs year after year. Many caribou perish from predation, environmental hazards, disease, and lack of food before they reach natural death.
At their full life extent, bull caribou can live up to 15 years but often die between eight and ten years of age; meanwhile, cows can live up to 20 years but usually die between ten and fifteen years of age. As previously mentioned, there are many different herds of caribou in the North American tundra and boreal forest.
The migratory patterns of each herd differs from others and the individual caribou within herds can have quite distinct migrations from other caribou in the same herd.
Let us focus on one herd in particular: the Porcupine Caribou Herd with a range that includes parts of the Northwest Territories, the Yukon and Alaska. With an annual migration of more than kilometers, the Porcupine Caribou Herd has the longest migration of any terrestrial mammal. After the calves are born, the herd begins to disperse and the caribou move toward their wintering grounds.
In Section 3. It is important to remember that humans are part of that ecosystem and have complex ecological, cultural and social relationships with caribou. Here, some of the different relationships between caribou and people who live in the North are discussed.
Up until that time, humans and caribou had been one and the other, able to transform between each other. After the agreement, they would separate. When you look inside the animal, when you start butchering and processing, there is a whole new world waiting. There you will find our stories, our personal names and family names, our ceremonies, our games and toys, and the raw materials for making our traditional tools and clothing.
In the past, the seasonal patterns of Inuit groups were linked to the seasonal patterns of caribou. Many month names reflect the activities of caribou. In the past, groups from the interior regions of southern Nunavut hunted tuktuit throughout the year Bennett and Rowley Other groups like from the coastal areas of northern Nunavut depended on them more in the summer and fall when sea mammals were more difficult to hunt.
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Thank you. Your review has been submitted and will appear here shortly. Extra Content. Editorial Reviews "The importance of this volume goes well beyond the immediate subject. Burch skillfully demonstrates how local knowledge can be couple with ecological science to gain a more complete understanding of wildlife population dynamics.
The book thoroughly cites the scientific literature and painstakingly evaluates the validity, or lack thereof, of local knowledge sources. Adams and R. Jacobson, Charles A. DeYoung, Randy W. DeYoung, Timothy E. Fulbright, and David G. Diefenbach and Stephen M. VerCauteren and Scott E. Alfonso Ortega-S. Villarreal-Gonzalez, Ma. Biology and Management of White-tailed Deer organizes and presents information on the most studied large mammal species in the world. The book covers the evolutionary history of the species, its anatomy, physiology, and nutrition, population dynamics, and ecology across its vast range from central Canada through northern South America.
The book then discusses the history of management of white-tailed deer, beginning with early Native Americans and progressing through management by Europeans and examining population lows in the early s, restocking efforts through the mid s, and recent, overabundant populations that are becoming difficult to manage in many areas.
Features: Co-published with the Quality Deer Management Association Compiles valuable information for white-tailed deer enthusiasts, managers, and biologists Written by an authoritative author team from diverse backgrounds Integrates white-tailed deer biology and management into a single volume Provides a thorough treatment of white-tailed deer antler biology Includes a CD-ROM with color images The backbone of many state wildlife management agencies' policies and a featured hunting species through much of their range, white-tailed deer are an important species ecologically, socially, and scientifically in most areas of North America.
Highly adaptable and now living in close proximity to humans in many areas, white-tailed deer are both the face of nature and the source of conflict with motorists, home-owners, and agricultural producers. Capturing the diverse aspects of white-tailed deer research, Biology and Management of White-tailed Deer is a reflection of the resources invested in the study of the species' effects on ecosystems, predator-prey dynamics, population regulation, foraging behavior, and browser physiology. Bibliographic information.
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